en Under such circumstances , around the 12th and the 13th centuries , lords of manors , kokuga , and samurai warriors who were appointed as the local supervisors by lords or kokuga had to recognize the tato 's influence , and they gave the tato permanent tenure of myoden in exchange for the firm land tax payment and the undertaking of public duties .
ja 四方 竹弓 ( しほう ち く ゆみ ) 室町 時代 : 15 世紀 - 16 世紀 頃 〜
en Shihochikuyumi ( Four directions bamboo bow ) in the Muromachi Period : 15th to 16th Century-
en This is followed by Chiba Prefecture with 13,112 , Tottori Prefecture with 13,094 , Fukuoka Prefecture with 11,311 , Kyoto Prefecture with 11,310 tumulses , and nationwide , there are a total of 161,560 kofun ( according to a survey carried out by the Agency for Cultural Affairs at the end of March in 2001 ) .
en In the 6th century, the Anglo-Saxons adopted Roman characters.
en During the period of Emperor Gohanazono who came from the Fushiminomiya family to Emperor Goyozei of early seventeenth century ( early Edo period ) , Imperial succession was conducted smoothly by the male Imperial members of the direct lineage , without any disputes or sharing of the throne , this was the longest period in Japanese history when Imperial succession was conducted smoothly without problems .
en The fire ignites fine black gunpowder which is called kuchigusuri ( gunpowder ) , moves to the explosive charge called dogusuri ( loaded gunpowder ) or tamagusuri ( loaded gunpowder ) and burns up in a burst ( deflagration ) and the pressure in the barrel propels the bullet .
en In Japanese history , tumuluses constructed between the third and seventh centuries are particularly referred to as ' kofun ' and other tumuluses constructed in other periods are referred to as funkyubo ( grave mound or tumulus ) .
en The Oe clan , who served as geshi ( shokan in charge of practical business in the field ) in this manor for generations since the 12th century , planned to strengthen their rule over Kuroda no sho during the late 13th century until they were eventually called akuto after conflicting with Todai-ji Temple , and was ultimately suppressed by Rokuhara Tandai ( an administrative and judicial agency in Rokuhara , Kyoto ) which received a request from Todai-ji Temple .
en The first Suribachi in history appeared from the middle to the latter part of the Kamakura period , that is , from the end of the thirteenth century to the beginning of the fourteenth century , and was discovered in the kiln of Bizen yaki ( Bizen ware ) ( such as Guibidani gama ( kiln ) and Kumayama sancho 9-go gama ( No.9 kiln at the summit of Mt. kuma ) ) .
en Particularly from the end of the Taisho period to the early Showa period the quota of these temporary teacher training schools was more than half of the quota of higher normal schools ( in 1926 the number of students in temporary teacher training schools was 1532 , while 2719 in higher normal schools ) , playing a great role of supplying a lot of middle school teachers , etc ..
en If you take the theory of the year 443 , the notation of ' okimi ' would have been used by the middle of the fifth century , but since there are many letters in which the reading is not determined including the variant characters on inscriptions about counting years , there are various interpretations regarding the contents of the inscriptions , which makes it difficult to determine the precise date in which the ' okimi ' notation started being used .
en As the 18th century commenced , Kabuki lost its popularity to ningyo joruri , but many scripts of ningyo joruri such as " Kanadehon Chushingura " ( The Treasury of Loyal Retainers ) , " Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami " ( Sugawara 's secrets of calligraphy ) , " Yoshitsune Senbonzakura " ( Yoshitsune and One Thousand Cherry Trees ) and " Meido no Hikyaku " ( Courier to the Hell ) were arranged for Kabuki .
en However , since the latter 20th century , a large number of Satoyama have been left completely free from human control , and in many regions they are recovering their autochthonous climax vegetations .
en From the 19th century to the early 20th century , powerful imperialist countries imposed on Asian countries treaties containing unequal provisions including the cession of treaty ports , approval of extraterritoriality of foreign residents , and cession or lease of territory .