Also , when a festive " mikoshi togyo " ( parade of mikoshi ( portable shrine ) and priests for the divine spirits in the portable shrine moving to other places from the main shrine ) starts , the parade is sometimes guided by a person who plays the role of Sarutahiko by wearing a Tengu mask .
Enryaku-ji Temple and Kofuku-ji Temple exercised the authority of kami such as mikoshi ( portable shrine ) of Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine and shinboku ( sacred tree ) of Kasuga-taisha Shrine , respectively , when they went to the Imperial Palace in Rakuchu ( inside the capital Kyoto ) to make their demands ; if it did not work , they would take actions like leaving mikoshi and shinboku at its gate , practically halting the political function .
The portable shrines and gods rampage about the broad areas of shrine parishioners in the Yasaka-jinja Shrine including Yamahokocho ( towns with Yama or hoko , float ) to perform the miyairi ( ending event of a festival with the portable shrines being carried into the shrine ) in the Yasaka-jinja Shrine .
Festival cars can have a role similar to portable shrines as an object to which a spirit is drawn , or are elegantly decorated for dedication , and shishimai and dancing , which can be categorized as Shinji mai ( shinji dance ) and hono-mai ( Shinto dance for dedication ) , are both carried out mainly by shrine parishioners , and in the case of hono , towns of shrine parishioners often compete against one another by elaborating on elegance and style of execution .
In 1087 , an invocation was made from jinin ( associates of Shinto shrines ) of Usa Hachimangu Shrine to Imperial palace of Shirakawa-in ( Retired Emperor Shirakawa ) , stating that Sanemasa shot mikoshi ( portable shrine ) of Sei Hachimangu with an arrow and has broken it , and Sanemasa resigned the position of Dazai daini and went to Kyoto in 1088 .
Generally , at the rites and festivals held at shrines , large floats used to carry taiko ( drums ) at festivals such as dashi ( float ) , taiko-dai ( dashi including a drum ) , decorative portable shrine and so on , including mikoshi ( portable shrine carried in festivals ) ( carriage of deity ) .
The last rampaging procession by the portable shrines ends in front of the buden and the portable shrines are kept on the buden to have mitama utsushi ( to replace Mitamashiro - something worshiped as a symbol for the spirits of the dead ) , while the Yasaka-jinja Shrine lights dim down in the darkness ; the festival gods seated on the portable shrines then return to the main shrine to have a silent ending of the Mikoshi togyo .
If not , they transferred shinboku to " Kondo-hall " ( the main hall ) of Kofuku-ji Temple , asked both Isonokami-jingu Shrine and Yoshino-katte-myojin Shrine to send " mikoshi " ( portable shrines carried in festivals ) , and occasionally called for help to seven large temples of " Nanto " ( southern capital , referring to Nara ) , including Todai-ji Temple .
Shintais that are updated include a gohei ( ritual wand with pleated paper ) , a mikoshi ( portable shrine carried in festivals ) , the onbashira ( huge pillars of fir tree ) of Suwa Grand Shrine , the shinden of Izumo Grand Shrine , and a yashiro as the shinden of ordinary shrines .
There are also festivals held in summer such as fishermen carry a portable shrine , or festivals held around spring through fall such as men carry or pull a portable shrine or a festival car ( float ) .
On the Miyako oji ( main street of the capital ) , where yama and hoko floats , the moving museums , traveled in the morning , the portable shrines perform the transferral of the sacred object from its place of enshrinement , bravely rampaging about to perform the last splendid procession in the Shinkosai known as the otabisho miyairi ( ending event of a festival by portable shrines to be carried into the shrine ) in Shijoteramachi .
Legend has it that the shrine was founded in the year 876 when the divided deity Gozu Tenno ( Susanoo no mikoto ) was transferred from Hiromine-jinja Shrine in Harima Province and a Chineki-sai ( ritual to dispel evil spirits ) was held during which the portable shrine in which the deity was being transported was placed and enshrined in a forest in Nagi .
Furthermore , there is a record that danjiri 's miyairi ( ending of a festival by bringing portable shrines or floats back to the shrine ) began at Osaka Tenman-gu Shrine during the Kanei era , which was the era of the Third Seiitaishogun ( literally , ' great general who subdues the barbarians ' ) Iemitsu TOKUGAWA .
Shinkosai is a shrine ritual where three large portable shrines on which the gods are seated : Nakagoza mikoshi ( hexagonal shaped portable shrine served by Sanwaka shinyokai ) ; Higashigoza mikoshi ( portable shrine enshrining Kushinadahime no mikoto - a goddess - served by Shiwaka shinyokai ) ; and Nishigoza mikoshi ( octagon shaped portable shrine enshrining Yahashiranomikogami ( son of Kushinadahime no mikoto ) served by Nishiki shinyokai ) , from the Yasaka-jinja Shrine pass through each ujiko machi ( town of shrine parishioners ) to otabisho ( place where the sacred palanquin is lodged during a festival ) located in Shijoteramachi ; the otabisho is purified by the Yamahoko Junko .
Three large portable shrines , and one shrine carried by children , just completing the miyadashi ( opening event of a festival by portable shrines to be carried out of the shrine ) from the shrine , come together in soroibumi ( appearance together ) in front of the Ro-mon Gate at the Gion Ishidanshita crossing ; the mikoshi carriers bravely carry up all the portable shrines to rampage about , when the cheers of the spectators reach their peak in front of the Ro-mon Gate .
The festival is held throughout July and its highlights are : Mikoshi togyo ( parade of mikoshi - portable shrines , and priests for the divine spirits in the portable shrine moving to other places from the main shrine ) ; Yamahoko Junko ( costumed procession of Gion Festival Floats ) ; and Yoiyama ( the eve of the main festival ) .
While a mikoshi ( a portable shrine ) belongs to a shrine , a taikodai as well as a dashi usually belongs to the area of ujiko ( shrine parishioners ) who donate and maintain it , and the role of taikodai in rites and festivals is to accompany the Shinko-sai Festival ( a kind of Shinto ritual ; carrying the deity in a mikoshi from a shrine through the community ) , to lead its parades ( tsuyuharai ; a forerunner ) , and to dedicate them before the gods .